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Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic, degenerative neurological condition that affects the Central Nervous System (CNS), the brain and spinal cord.

It is thought to be auto-immune, where the body’s own immune system appears to attack the myelin, a fatty protective sheath, which surrounds the nerves in the brain, spinal cord and the optic nerves.

An MS attack results in inflammation and the development of one or more lesions, resulting in scarring or sclerotic plaques, forming on the nerves. These lesions interfere with the nerve messages sent back and forth through the brain, and spinal cord.

Every person diagnosed with MS will experience slightly different symptoms, depending on the location, size and number of lesions formed, and the type of MS. For some, sensations are altered, while others experience difficulty with muscle strength and movement. Lesions in the brain can affect a person’s capacity to process information and also affect their emotions.

“MSWA has been there for me and my family throughout our journey. They helped me understand what MS was and how it affects everyone differently. The team there really do care about people living with MS.”

Claire, MSWA Member

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